• Reciprocity as an Environmental Virtue Geiser, Nicholas 2021 Environmental Ethics , Vol. 43 , Issue 3 , S. 195 ff. ( Zeitschrift ) Englisch 0163-4275 | 2153-7895 10.5840/enviroethics20215421 Abstract

    Three recent developments in environmental ethics—interest in virtue and character, concern for psychological realism, and collective action required to address global ecological challenges—are in tension with one another. For example, virtue ethical approaches in environmental ethics face objections from “situationist” critique and the strategic dimensions of collective action. This article proposes a conception of reciprocity as a response to this challenge for environmental virtue ethics. Environmental ethics has been traditionally skeptical of reciprocity due to its associations with self-interest, instrumental rationality, and well-defined contractual interactions. However, reciprocity can also be understood as a moral disposition of social agents who wish to respond proportionately and fittingly to the benefits they receive from others. Reciprocity is a psychologically robust moral disposition appropriate to contexts of strategic interaction underlying a variety of conservation and common pool resource challenges. As an environmental virtue, reciprocity’s example demonstrates that environmental virtue ethics need not give up psychological realism or concern with collective action.


    Applied Philosophy | Business and Professional Ethics | Contemporary Philosophy | General Interest | Social and Political Philosophy | Social Science

Geiser, Nicholas
Applied Philosophy
Business and Professional Ethics
Contemporary Philosophy

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